Dorothy Brown, who died in 2012, took a leading part in the establishment of the National Centre of Peace and Conflict Studies at Otago University which researches alternatives to war in the settlement of international differences and includes students from all over the world, especially areas in conflict. The Director and one of the lecturers are participating in the Study Day.
New Zealand’s grassroots peace movement of the 1980s pulled off a great achievement founded in persistent grassroots activism. However, New Zealand has steadily increased its military relationship with the US and taken a support role in dubious US-led wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
These ties compromise New Zealand’s ability to fulfil an international peacekeeper role. Independent peace-brokering is crucially needed in 2018 as ‘tinderbox’ conflicts threaten the possibility of devastating conflict, potentially involving nuclear weapons These conflicts cannot be resolved militarily, and the concept of ‘just war’ is misleading and unhelpful. New Zealand should break free of its traditional alliance ties and begin to develop an independent ethical foreign policy.
DOROTHY BROWN MEMORIAL LECTURE
Friday evening, 9 November, 7:30 pm – free event
Moriori – Six Hundred Years of Peacekeeping on Rekohu (Chatham Islands/New Zealand)
– Myths, Misconceptions and the Struggle for Truth
The practice of peace, especially in times of provocation and conflict, requires a strong commitment to principle. The Moriori People (the original settlers of Rekohu or Chatham Islands), demonstrated such a commitment in taking a conscious stand for peace in response to the invasion of their island home by two Maori tribes from Wellington in 1835.
Centuries earlier, Moriori had abandoned warfare and killing on their Island home and had successfully lived in peace for 500 years. They were not prepared to violate that ancient covenant with their gods even if it meant death and destruction for themselves and their culture.
Not all would, today, agree with such a stance, but in taking it, Moriori steadfastly believe that they have held onto their mana as a people and the mana over their land. They had, collectively as a people, upheld the covenant they made with their gods to never again take a human life by violent means. The commitment to Peace is therefore at the center of Moriori culture and their modern-day renaissance.
Over the last two hundred years, the Moriori people and their culture have struggled against genocide, oppression, suppression of identity, myth-making and political manipulation. Over the past 30 years the descendants of this much maligned and misunderstood people have begun the long and arduous journey to recover and reclaim their culture and identity and rightful place in Aotearoa/New Zealand.
This presentation will tell the story of the Moriori Peoples and their contribution to peacemaking in this country and of survival/revival against almost impossible odds. Most of all it will it tell the story of the power of peace as a guiding beacon of light and hope that has inspired the current generation of Moriori People.
Chairman Hokotehi Moriori Trust, Rekohu (Chatham Islands)
Moriori, Kai Tahu and Pakeha
Maui is an Indigenous Rights Lawyer with over 30 years’ experience at both the local and international level, specialising as an advocate for the recognition of the rights and responsibilities of indigenous peoples including his own Moriori tribe from Rekohu. He has appeared in every court and tribunal in the country and was the first Moriori or Maori lawyer to appear before the Privy Council in London in 1996.
He is a former Commissioner of the Treaty of Waitangi Fisheries Commission. He is also a well-known expert on cultural and intellectual property rights and for 20 years was lead counsel for the Wai 262 claim concerning indigenous flora and fauna and cultural knowledge; the first whole of government claim to be heard by the Waitangi Tribunal.
Maui has been a keynote speaker at conferences all over the world including at the United Nations, Geneva and last year at the Bioneers Conference in San Francisco and is a published author. Maui is also a past-President of the International Society of Ethnobiology and former Adjunct Professor at the Simon Fraser University in British Colombia.
For the past 35 years, he has had a leading role in the renaissance of the culture and identity of the Moriori peoples of Rekohu/Chatham Islands – a people once described as “extinct”. He is the Executive Chair of his tribal organisation, Hokotehi Moriori Trust, and is currently Chief Negotiator for Moriori in the settlement of their historical Treaty claims that date from 1862.
Maui was also a key player in the establishment at the University of Otago of the National Centre for Peace and Conflicts Studies in 2009 and has been a trustee of ANZPACS Trust for the past 12 years.
Seeking a Statutory National Day of Commemoration for the NZ Wars
Leah Bell and Zak Henry, former Otorohanga College students
Parihaka Indigenous Peace Centre
Many strands of history are woven into the very fabric of this land at Parihaka. It provided the beginnings of what was to be known as the passive resistance movement in Aotearoa and it predated Gandhi.
I intend to look at activities organised by our two courageous, significant resilient leaders Te Whiti o Rongomai and Tohu Kakahi with a contextual insight into how they stymied what could have been a bloody war.
The tamariki could not be overlooked and must be recognised as a strategy that served the community as a commendable retardant.
Thought-provoking connections of our history reflecting travesty, fear, shame, colonisation and its effects, peace and the poi, the raukura and its significance today are all interwoven. Our heritage.
The reconciliation at Parihaka was a significant day and must be mentioned in the history of Aotearoa, Taranaki, Taranaki Iwi and Parihaka. A brief outlay of its process.
Born at Whakamarama, Tauranga surrounded by native bush, in essence living with nature where life was about the environment and what it gave. Formal education at the country school had its difficulties and absenteeism was as a result of working the small block of land with the rest of the family. Educated at Tauranga Girls College, then moved to Dunedin School of Nursing where she completed the three-year training.
After working within areas of interest a flare for Public Health Nursing resonated affirming a connection with Maori, Community, Iwi, Hapu and whanau albeit a little too late. The desire to make the world a better place in which to live then leading to healing Papatuanuku came as a hard task.
After exercising extreme patience and some caution from the elders Maata regained her kaitiakitnaga role at Parihaka. 31 years of living on Parihaka listening to the stories, handed down from generation to generation, has provided insight into the historical grievances of the ancestors whose role at the time was about Kaitiakitanga.
Maata has five children who have lived on Parihaka. Along with her husband Te Ru Koriri Wharehoka, died 2007, they comfortably reinvented systems that existed in Maoridom prior to colonization. It is the legacy of Tohu and Te Whiti to which Maata is beholden and has dedicated her time and energy to telling the story of Parihaka.
Senior Maori Scholar, National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, 2015
Conflict and memory:
thinking through the legacies of empire and colonialism
This talk explores the challenges that histories of empire and colonisation – which encompass the political disempowerment, economic marginalisation, and cultural delegitimisation of indigenous communities – pose to the construction of national history.
Ernest Renan, the foremost nineteenth-century theorist of nationhood, suggested that a vital precondition for nationhood was the ‘possession in common of a rich legacy of memories’. Colonial dispossession and violence have meant that having memory ‘in common’ has been difficult in our islands.
Renan suggests that nations are also built on an agreement on what aspects of their pasts they would like to forget: in the New Zealand case, there has been a great deal of forgetfulness, but some communities have resisted this. The tensions of national memory are the centre of this talk and it explores how some notable shifts around memory and remembrance have been important elements in the partial renegotiation of nationhood that New Zealand is in the midst of.
Tony Ballantyne is the Pro-Vice-Chancellor, Humanities at the University of Otago. He is a Professor of History and he is a leading global expert on the history of the modern British empire. At the University of Otago he also serves as Co-Director of the Centre for Research on Colonial Culture and he leads a number of campus-wide initiatives that focus on both research and student experience.
He has a deep commitment to global education, reflecting not only the centrality of cross-cultural relationships in his research and teaching, but also his own teaching experience, having completed his PhD at the University of Cambridge and having held positions at the National University of Ireland, Galway, the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and Washington University, St Louis. He is also currently an Honorary Professor, Fuzhou University, China.
Professor Tony Ballantyne
Pro Vice-Chancellor, University of Otago
The Role of the Churches before, during and after the New Zealand Wars
Te Haahi Mihinare (the Maori version of the Anglican Church) was deeply embedded in the New Zealand Wars of the 1860s and 1870s. Founded by iwi, Mihinare reflected, shaped and amplified their iwi views. These views were in turn shaped by Scripture, by Anglican ecclesiology and by their own matauranga-a-iwi (tribal worldviews).
In Ngati Porou war came in 1865 within the iwi over its political and theological direction and then would take a terrible toll on other iwi as conflict spread. And like war, peace was also a product of matauranga – of worldviews and was a long-term process.
Dr Hirini Kaa is of Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Kahungunu and Rongowhakaata descent. Currently working as Kaiārahi in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Auckland, Hirini has worked in a range of areas including in the social services sector, for the Anglican Church and for his iwi.
Hirini has extensive television experience including presenting, researching and co-writing the seven-part historical documentary series ‘The Prophets’ for Māori Television. His PhD thesis was ‘He Ngākau Hou: Te Hāhi Mihinare and the Renegotiation of Mātauranga, c.1800-1992’ which he is currently working on publishing with Bridget Williams Books.
Revd Dr Hirini Kaa
Auckland University historian and theologian
Emerging from the base of the sacred mountain of Maungapohatu in the community of Rua Kenana are many stories that still remain untold. In this moment in time, I will pause briefly and retell one of those stories and how three generations of the one family resolved and continue to resolve the violence of 2 April 1916.
Ko Putauaki te maunga
To Takanga i o Apa te wai
Ko Tuwharetoa ki Kawerau, Ngati Awa, Tuhoe ōku iwi
Ko Rev Wayne Te Kaawa
Rev. Wayne Te Kaawa is in his first year of a PhD, having graduated in 2001 from Otago with a Bachelor of Theology and again in 2015 with a Masters in Ministry.
Like many from his iwi, he left Kawerau College without any qualifications in 1980 and faced long periods of unemployment. Almost 40 years later, he is in his second year of a PhD. Not academically brilliant, he just keeps trying. His goal is to be the first person from his iwi to gain a PhD and inspire future generations to become high achievers in education.
He has been in ministry in the Presbyterian since 2002 having served in Putauaki Parish (Te Teko, Onepu, Kawerau, Matata, Waiohau), Rotorua and Opotiki and was Moderator of the Presbyterian Māori Synod. His doctoral research is: Re-visioning Christology through a Māori indigenous lens. Jesus poses the question to his disciples, who do you say that I am? What has our response been?
Revd Wayne Te Kaawa
Rua Kenana as Tuhoe Peace Advocate, former Moderator Maori Synod Presbyterian Church, Maori Chaplain at University of Otago